A concentrate is a product derived from the cannabis plant that contains extraordinarily high levels of THC. The THC content typically ranges from about 40-80%, which is four times stronger than high-grade marijuana, which contains about 20% THC content. Cannabis concentrates can be in the form of hash, BHO’s (Butane hash oil), resins, and tinctures. Due to its availability in a wide variety of textures, concentrates are consumed in several ways like vaping, refer to this doing guide for weed for more information.
Cannabis concentrates offer many unique benefits as compared to consuming cannabis flowers or buds. Some of these benefits include:
1. Contains Only The Most Useful Compounds
Concentrates are processed to keep only the most desirable compounds like the cannabinoids and terpenes from the cannabis plant. All other compounds and excess plant matter are removed. This also means less tar and less harmful chemicals, ideal for health-conscious consumers.
2. Increases Potency
Due to the presence of high levels of THC, cannabinoids, and terpenes, concentrates are highly potent as compared to cannabis flowers. Hash and tinctures have low THC as compared to other concentrates. If you’re new to concentrates, its best to start with a low dose and gradually work your way up.
3. Quick Action
One of the significant benefits of consuming concentrates is its rapid onset time. Apart from easy and precise dosing, the rate of absorption of concentrates into your body is extremely fast, so the effects you feel and experience happen almost immediately. You don’t have to sit around and wait for the results to kick in; the entire process takes just seconds from start to finish.
4. Long-Lasting Effect
Apart from the high bioavailability, the effects of concentrates usually last longer as compared to consuming cannabis flowers. Its effect can last anywhere from 1 to 3 hours, depending on individual tolerance, the type of concentrate used, and the method of consumption.
Important Factors For Cannabis Cultivation
Marijuana is grown all over the world, but the process of growing it for concentrates varies as compared to growing it for flowers or buds. According to a study, concentrate users usually prefer high strength cannabis, so there is a need for the cultivation of high-quality cannabis. Here are some factors required for the cultivation of good-quality cannabis for concentrate production-
1. Choosing The Right Seeds
Your plant’s genes are the most vital factor in determining the quality and potency of your cannabis. You can do nothing to increase or improve the genes of your plants. So if you’re trying to obtain high-quality plants with high levels of THC and potency, you should start with high-quality seeds. Alternatively, you can clone a plant, make sure to choose one that has developed sturdy roots.
2. High Number Of Trichomes
An essential factor to consider for cannabis cultivation is that the plant should have an ample number of trichomes. Trichomes are small resin glands on the cannabis flower that gives it its unique flavor and aroma. Trichomes also protect the cannabis plants from insects, animals, UV rays, and even some varieties of fungal growth.
3. Manipulate Temperature and Humidity
If you’re considering indoor cultivation, ensure that you maintain proper temperature and humidity levels as even the slightest fluctuations can have a drastic impact. Proper temperature and humidity levels at the flowering stage increase resin production and prevent the smell from burning away while smoking. Also, make sure that there’s enough CO2 availability as it plays a vital role in plant health and growth.
4. Provide Proper Nutrients
You can choose from a wide variety of nutrients, from hydroponic to organic nutrients. During the “growing” phase, nutrients high in nitrogen are preferred for vegetative growth, whereas nutrients high in phosphorus aid in flower development. First-time growers using soil as their growing medium should stick to organic fertilizers and nutrients. However, if you’re looking to increase the number of terpenes in your yield, try treating the plants with limited water and no nutrients. Doing this will get you a high terpene and THC trichrome content that allows for better extraction.
5. Regular Pruning
Regular pruning ensures that there is maximum yield while making sure every plant gets equal light. Most growers prefer to let their plants grow naturally as the process of pruning marijuana is delicate. And if you don’t know the process, you may end up damaging the plant. But regular pruning in a controlled, moderate manner can give you the healthiest plants with high THC content.
6. Get The Right Airflow
Good airflow increases the size and density of your buds. Moreover, cannabis is wind-pollinated, so a good airflow can increase your yield too. Fungus, molds, and mildews are more likely to grow in closed spaces with minimum airflow. Moreover, in a small area, the plants may not get the required level of carbon dioxide for their maximum growth.
7. Ensure Proper Lighting
Lighting is an essential factor when growing marijuana. The cannabis plant requires an abundant source of light placed at a reasonable distance from it. Inadequate and low-grade lighting affects the growth both in terms of size and speed. Lighting also plays a crucial role in the quality of the buds. If using artificial light, make sure it is fluorescent lighting only.
8. Water Well
Make sure your pot has some holes at the bottom. If it doesn’t, either find one with holes or drill holes in the existing one. Water thoroughly until the soil feels moist or until water starts dripping from the drainage pipes at the bottom of the pots. The number of times your plants need watering may vary, but alternating between every day to once every three days works for almost all plants.
You may add fertilizers to your soil to boost nutrients and add supplements to the soil. Make sure that you don’t use fertilizer until your plants are one week old. If you’ve replanted a plant, fertilizers should be avoided up to 10 days. If you see new leaves growing out from dried or distorted tips, avoid using fertilizers until they’re fully grown out.
10. Proper Post-Harvest Factors
Harvesting and trimming determine almost 50% of your final bud appearance. Harvesting too early can impact the quality and potency of cannabis. Of course, waiting too long is also not preferable as late harvesting can even affect strength. Moreover, harvesting at dawn ensures you get lots of terpenes because plants produce terpenes at night, which again evaporates during the day. Pruning or trimming boosts blooms and adds bulk to the buds. Proper drying/curing intensifies smell and increases bud potency.
The amount of concentrate that can be extracted from cannabis is one of the most preferred traits in cannabis grown for concentrate production. It takes about 8 grams of cannabis buds to produce 1 gram of wax or shatter. Strains with a high level of THC like the cookie monster strain take less plant material to yield a gram of concentrate. These high-THC strains also contain lots of resins, so naturally, they will produce a better yield.